SMACO, which was founded by presidential decree, plans, coordinates, facilitates and follows up all Mine Action activities in Western Sahara in accordance with National Legislations, Local and International Standards, taking into consideration the implications of the refugee and high contamination situation. SMACO embeds mainstreaming of gender and diversity, humanitarianism and accountability into their operations, with a primary focus on Victim Assistance and advocacy in addition to the other Mine Action Pillars.